Types of Viking Battle Axes: A Dive into Designs and Styles

Viking battle axes, with their diverse designs and styles, were crucial weapons that defined the era’s warfare and culture. In this guide, we’ll explore the distinct types of Wikinger axt, each with its unique features and purposes.

Section 1: Bearded Axes:

Bearded axes, recognized by their distinct curved blades resembling a beard, were versatile weapons favored by Viking warriors. They were notable for their effectiveness in both close combat and throwing.

  • Design Elements: The curved blade allowed for hooking and pulling motions, making them useful for disarming opponents and knocking them off balance.
  • Combat Versatility: Bearded axes were agile, allowing warriors to quickly switch between offensive and defensive maneuvers.
  • Throwing Capability: The balanced design of bearded axes made them suitable for throwing at enemies or targets.

Section 2: Dane Axes:

  • Dane axes, also known as Danebrogs, were iconic two-handed weapons that played a significant role in Viking warfare. They featured long hafts and distinctive blade designs.
  • Distinctive Blade: The Dane axe’s blade had a wide, curved edge on one side and a pointed spike on the other, allowing for both cleaving and piercing strikes.
  • Two-Handed Power: The long haft provided leverage and power, enabling warriors to deliver devastating blows that could cut through armor and shields.
  • Tactical Use: Dane axes were effective in forming shield walls, breaking enemy formations, and creating openings for other warriors.

Sch�ne Wikinger Axt handgefertigte Hohe Kohlenstoffstahl-b�rtige  Axt-Geschenke | eBay

Section 3: Hand Axes:

  • Hand axes were compact one-handed weapons that were versatile and commonly used by Viking warriors, both on foot and horseback.
  • Compact Design: Hand axes featured a shorter haft and a single blade, making them maneuverable and suitable for swift strikes.
  • Close Combat: These axes were effective in close-quarters combat, allowing warriors to exploit openings in an opponent’s defense.
  • Mobility: Hand axes were popular among mounted warriors, providing them with a weapon that could be wielded effectively while on horseback.

Section 4: Broad Axes:

  • Broad axes were characterized by their wide blades and were used for various tasks beyond combat.
  • Wide Blade: The broad blade allowed for efficient woodcutting, shipbuilding, and other practical tasks.
  • Combat and Utility: While primarily used for labor, broad axes could be adapted for combat when necessary, demonstrating the Vikings’ resourcefulness.
  • Functional Craftsmanship: The design of broad axes showcased the Vikings’ ability to create tools that served both utilitarian and combative purposes.


The rich variety of Wikinger axt designs reflects the Vikings’ adaptability and ingenuity. Bearded axes, Dane axes, hand axes, and broad axes each had their specific strengths and uses on the battlefield and beyond. These weapons not only exemplify the Vikings’ prowess in warfare but also their ability to integrate functionality and craftsmanship into their weaponry, shaping their culture and leaving a lasting legacy in history.

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